Overview of methods

Actor constellation
A role-play for jointly sorting out the relevance of various involved actors for tackling a specific research question

Delphi
A poll for consolidating expert views on an issue using ratings and arguments.

Emancipatory boundary critique
A set of questions supporting non-experts in critically challenging an expert’s suggested solution to a problem and the solution’s social and ecological implications.

Give-and-take matrix
A tool for identifying pieces of knowledge to be shared between subparts of inter- and transdisciplinary projects

Most significant change
A story-based, qualitative method for uncovering most significant project impacts experienced by individuals.

Nomadic concepts
A heuristic tool for exchanging understandings of concepts across disciplinary, professional and cultural boundaries.

Research marketplace
A tool to initiate bilateral and small group exchange between (sub)projects that need to be linked.

Soft systems methodology
A systems thinking based tool for creating shared understandings of a problem situation, working out possible improvements and deciding on the one(s) to implement

Storywall
A story-based, qualitative method for retrospectively assembling crucial events in a collective process.

Three types of knowledge tool
A tool for tailoring research questions to (societal) knowledge demands.

Toolbox approach
A tool to uncover implicit assumptions and shared understandings of scientific disciplines and to oppose them to the thought styles of other disciplines.

Venn diagramm tool
A diagram for forming groups around joint topics based on participants’ background, expertise, and interest.