Swiss Academies Factsheets

Swiss academies factsheets
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Swiss academies factsheets
Swiss academies factsheets

Scientific experts contribute to the publication series “Factsheets” of the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences. Factsheets are short and concise presentations of a topic based on state-of-the-art research. They are designated for politics, administration, practice, education, media and further interested groups.

  • Publication series

Outdoor Sports Infrastructure Planning – Hiking and Mountain Biking
  • 2016

Outdoor Sports Infrastructure Planning – Hiking and Mountain Biking

Hiking and mountain biking are extremely popular sports activities. Especially in mountain areas, they are the two main summertime leisure activities. Many natural habitats, however, have been affected by the frequent presence of large numbers of people; conflicts between different kinds of users have also arisen. This factsheet presents various planning tools for conflict prevention or resolution, and provides an overview of likely future challenges.
Factsheet «Ozon und Sommersmog: Klimawandel gefährdet heutige Erfolge
  • 2016

Ozon und Sommersmog: Klimawandel gefährdet heutige Erfolge

Der Ozongehalt in der Umgebungsluft hat trotz erfolgreicher Luftreinhaltemassnahmen in der Schweiz nur wenig abgenommen. Damit belastet der Sommersmog nach wie vor die menschliche Gesundheit. Mit dem Klimawandel dürften heisse Sommer wie 2003 und 2015 künftig häufiger auftreten und das Ozonproblem erneut verschärfen.
Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»
  • 2016

Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»

The genetic makeup of plants can be modified precisely by means of new breeding techniques. Typically, these changes could also occur naturally and, in the process, no genetic material that is unrelated to the species remains in the plant. The techniques significantly broaden the possibilities for plant breeding, thereby potentially helping to make Swiss agriculture more environmentally friendly, economically viable and ultimately more sustainable.1 As some varieties developed by using the new breeding techniques already exist and new ones are expected to follow shortly, it is imperative to determine whether or not plants engineered by means of these new techniques are subject to the Gene Technology Act. From a natural scientific point of view, there is no reason for a strict regulation of plants bred in this fashion.
Energiestrategie und Gesundheit (PDF)
  • 2016

Energiestrategie und Gesundheit: Was bei der Umsetzung der Energiestrategie zu beachten ist

Die geplante Umsetzung der Energiestrategie 2050 des Bundesrats wird u.a. Auswirkungen auf die Gesundheit und die Bevölkerung haben. Dieses Faktenblatt bietet eine Übersicht über Gesundheitsaspekte, die von Massnahmen im Rahmen der Energiestrategie betroffen sind.
Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries
  • 2016

Making the Commodity Sector Work for Developing Countries - Local Impacts, Global Links, and Knowledge Gaps

Switzerland occupies an important position in the global trade of hard and soft commodities. Companies headquartered within its borders directly or indirectly shape commodity extraction practices around the world, some of which carry considerable negative environmental and social risks on the ground, particularly in fragile contexts. Minimizing these risks and maximizing shared economic gains could enable mutually beneficial development and counteract persistent social and political inequality.
Switzerland  and the Commodities Trade
  • 2016

Switzerland and the Commodities Trade - Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

This factsheet outlines key challenges, knowledge gaps, and research questions centring on Switzerland’s role and potential responsibility as a leading commodity hub. It concludes with suggestions of possible avenues for future research and policy.
editor

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences